A naturally occurring Substance, or a synthetic analogue of such a substance or an Organism that is capable of inflicting severe harm on other Organisms. All BiologicalWeapons contain a BiologicalAgent.
||biologically active substance
A Substance that is capable of inducing a change in the structure or functioning of an Organism. This Class includes Substances used in the treatment, diagnosis, prevention or analysis of normal and abnormal body function. This Class also includes Substances that occur naturally in the body and are administered therapeutically. Finally, BiologicallyActiveSubstance includes Nutrients, most drugs of abuse, and agents that require special handling because of their toxicity.
||abrin toxin||An extremely toxic protein found in the seeds of the rosary pea. Its mechanism, symptoms, and treatment are very similar to those of RicinToxin. However, AbrinToxin is roughly 75 times more toxic than RicinToxin.|
| ||batrachotoxin||A Toxin produced by some species of Frogs.|
| ||botulinum toxin||A Toxin produced by the bacterium ClostridiumBotulinum. It paralyzes muscles if ingested, and one billionth of a pound is sufficient to cause death.|
| ||conotoxin||A class of neurotoxins that are produced by the Pacific cone snails. The lethality of these toxins varies widely, and it would be impractical to manufacture them on a large scale.|
| ||epsilon toxin||A Toxin produced by the bacterium ClostridiumPerfringens that causes a mild form of food poisoning that lasts one to two days.|
| ||mycotoxin||A Toxin that is produced by a FungalAgent.|
| ||ricin toxin||An extremely toxic protein found in the castor bean plant (ricinus communis). It is 200 times more toxic than cyanide, and it has no known antidote, and it causes vomiting, high fever, weakness, and death.|
| ||saxitoxin||A class of chemically related neurotoxins that are produced by marine dinoflagellates and carried by Mollusks.|
| ||shiga toxin||The Toxin produced by the Bacterium ShigellaDysenteriae.|
| ||staphylococcal enterotoxin b||A common cause of food poisoning. It has been studied as a BiologicalAgent, because it is stable, can be converted to aerosol form, and can be lethal when inhaled.|
| ||tetrodotoxin||A Toxin produced by the pufferfish and several other (widely varying) species. The initial symptoms include numbness in the lips and tongue, which spreads throughout the body. The next phase of the poisoning is paralysis, which again spreads throughout the body.|