(<=>
(and
(instance ?B BodyPart)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?B Bare)))
(holdsDuring ?T
(not
(exists (?C)
(and
(instance ?C Clothing)
(covers ?C ?B)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2831728327 
An entity is an instance of body part and Bare is an attribute of the entity holds during a time position if and only if there doesn't exist another entity such that the other entity is an instance of clothing and the other entity covers the entity holds during the time position 
(<=>
(and
(instance ?COMBINE Combining)
(resource ?COMBINE ?OBJ1)
(result ?COMBINE ?OBJ2))
(and
(holdsDuring
(BeginFn
(WhenFn ?COMBINE))
(not
(part ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2)))
(holdsDuring
(EndFn
(WhenFn ?COMBINE))
(part ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2)))) 
Merge.kif 1184411851 
A process is an instance of combining and an object is a resource for the process and an entity is a result of the process if and only if the object is not a part of the entity holds during the beginning of the time of existence of the process and the object is a part of the entity holds during the end of the time of existence of the process 
(<=>
(attribute ?MUSIC PolyphonicMusic)
(exists (?PART1 ?PART2)
(and
(instance ?MUSIC MakingMusic)
(instance ?PART1 MakingMusic)
(instance ?PART2 MakingMusic)
(subProcess ?PART1 ?MUSIC)
(subProcess ?PART2 ?MUSIC)
(not
(equal ?PART1 ?PART2))
(cooccur ?PART1 ?MUSIC)
(cooccur ?PART2 ?MUSIC)))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 695706 
Polyphonic music is an attribute of an object if and only if there exist a process and another process such that the object is an instance of making music and the process is an instance of making music and the other process is an instance of making music and the process is a subprocess of the object and the other process is a subprocess of the object and the process is not equal to the other process and the process occurs at the same time as the object and the other process occurs at the same time as the object 
(<=>
(attribute ?WATER OpenSea)
(and
(instance ?WATER SaltWaterArea)
(not
(instance ?WATER LandlockedWater))
(distance ?LAND ?WATER
(MeasureFn ?DIST NauticalMile))
(greaterThan ?DIST 5))) 
Geography.kif 45064514 
Open sea is an attribute of an object if and only if the object is an instance of salt water area and the object is not an instance of landlocked water and the distance between a physical and the object is a real number nautical mile(s) and the real number is greater than 5 
(<=>
(connects ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2 ?OBJ3)
(and
(connected ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2)
(connected ?OBJ1 ?OBJ3)
(not
(connected ?OBJ2 ?OBJ3)))) 
Merge.kif 91319137 
An object connects another object and a third object if and only if the object is connected to the other object and the object is connected to the third object and the other object is not connected to the third object 
(<=>
(cousin ?P1 ?P2)
(and
(exists (?G1 ?G2)
(and
(grandmother ?P1 ?G1)
(grandfather ?P1 ?G2)
(grandmother ?P2 ?G1)
(grandfather ?P2 ?G2)))
(not
(exists (?M ?F)
(and
(mother ?P1 ?M)
(father ?P1 ?F)
(mother ?P2 ?M)
(father ?P2 ?F)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2125621271 
A human and another human are cousins if and only if there exist a woman and a man such that the grandmother of the human is the woman and the grandfather of the human is the man and the grandmother of the other human is the woman and the grandfather of the other human is the man and there don't exist an organism and another organism such that the organism is a mother of the human and the other organism is a father of the human and the organism is a mother of the other human and the other organism is a father of the other human 
(<=>
(equal
(FemaleLifeExpectancyAtBirthFn ?AREA
(YearFn ?YEAR)) ?REALNUMBER)
(exists (?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LIST List)
(instance
(ListLengthFn ?LIST) ?COUNT)
(forall (?LISTITEM)
(=>
(inList ?LISTITEM ?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LISTITEM ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(exists (?NUMBER)
(and
(instance ?NUMBER ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(inList ?NUMBER ?LIST)))))
(equal ?COUNT
(CardinalityFn
(KappaFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE
(and
(instance ?BIRTH Birth)
(experiencer ?BIRTH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(instance ?INDIVIDUAL Human)
(attribute ?INDIVIDUAL Female)
(during
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)
(YearFn ?YEAR))
(equal
(WhereFn ?BIRTH
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)) ?AREA)
(instance ?DEATH Death)
(experiencer ?DEATH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(holdsDuring
(WhenFn ?DEATH)
(age ?INDIVIDUAL
(MeasureFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE YearDuration))))))))))
(average ?LIST ?REALNUMBER)))) 
People.kif 411442 
The female life expectancy at birth of a geopolitical area and the year an integer is equal to a real number if and only if there exists a list such that the list is an instance of list and length of the list is an instance of another integer and for all the listITEM and the real number is an average of the list 
(<=>
(equal
(LifeExpectancyAtBirthFn ?AREA
(YearFn ?YEAR)) ?REALNUMBER)
(exists (?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LIST List)
(instance
(ListLengthFn ?LIST) ?COUNT)
(forall (?LISTITEM)
(=>
(inList ?LISTITEM ?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LISTITEM ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(exists (?NUMBER)
(and
(instance ?NUMBER ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(inList ?NUMBER ?LIST)))))
(equal ?COUNT
(CardinalityFn
(KappaFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE
(and
(instance ?BIRTH Birth)
(experiencer ?BIRTH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(instance ?INDIVIDUAL Human)
(during
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)
(YearFn ?YEAR))
(equal
(WhereFn ?BIRTH
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)) ?AREA)
(instance ?DEATH Death)
(experiencer ?DEATH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(holdsDuring
(WhenFn ?DEATH)
(age ?INDIVIDUAL
(MeasureFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE YearDuration))))))))))
(average ?LIST ?REALNUMBER)))) 
People.kif 323353 
The life expectancy at birth of a geopolitical area and the year an integer is equal to a real number if and only if there exists a list such that the list is an instance of list and length of the list is an instance of another integer and for all the listITEM and the real number is an average of the list 
(<=>
(equal
(MaleLifeExpectancyAtBirthFn ?AREA
(YearFn ?YEAR)) ?REALNUMBER)
(exists (?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LIST List)
(instance
(ListLengthFn ?LIST) ?COUNT)
(forall (?LISTITEM)
(=>
(inList ?LISTITEM ?LIST)
(and
(instance ?LISTITEM ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(exists (?NUMBER)
(and
(instance ?NUMBER ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE)
(not
(inList ?NUMBER ?LIST)))))
(equal ?COUNT
(CardinalityFn
(KappaFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE
(and
(instance ?BIRTH Birth)
(experiencer ?BIRTH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(instance ?INDIVIDUAL Human)
(attribute ?INDIVIDUAL Male)
(during
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)
(YearFn ?YEAR))
(equal
(WhereFn ?BIRTH
(WhenFn ?BIRTH)) ?AREA)
(instance ?DEATH Death)
(experiencer ?DEATH ?INDIVIDUAL)
(holdsDuring
(WhenFn ?DEATH)
(age ?INDIVIDUAL
(MeasureFn ?LIFEEXPECTANCYAGE YearDuration))))))))))
(average ?LIST ?REALNUMBER)))) 
People.kif 367398 
The male life expectancy at birth of a geopolitical area and the year an integer is equal to a real number if and only if there exists a list such that the list is an instance of list and length of the list is an instance of another integer and for all the listITEM and the real number is an average of the list 
(<=>
(equal
(MigrantsPerThousandFn ?AREA
(YearFn ?YEAR)) ?REALNUMBER)
(and
(equal
(SubtractionFn ?YEAR ?PREVIOUSYEAR) 1)
(holdsDuring
(YearFn ?YEAR)
(equal
(PopulationFn ?AREA) ?POPULATION))
(equal
(DivisionFn ?POPULATION 1000) ?THOUSANDS)
(equal ?IMMIGRATION
(CardinalityFn
(KappaFn ?PERSON
(and
(instance ?PERSON Human)
(holdsDuring
(YearFn ?PREVIOUSYEAR)
(not
(inhabits ?PERSON ?AREA)))
(holdsDuring
(YearFn ?YEAR)
(inhabits ?PERSON ?AREA))))))
(equal ?EMMIGRATION
(CardinalityFn
(KappaFn ?PERSON
(and
(instance ?PERSON Human)
(holdsDuring
(YearFn ?PREVIOUSYEAR)
(inhabits ?PERSON ?AREA))
(holdsDuring
(YearFn ?YEAR)
(not
(inhabits ?PERSON ?AREA)))))))
(equal
(SubtractionFn ?IMMIGRATION ?EMMIGRATION) ?MIGRATIONCOUNT)
(equal
(DivisionFn ?MIGRATIONCOUNT ?THOUSANDS) ?REALNUMBER))) 
People.kif 174202 
The migrants per thousand of a geopolitical area and the year an integer is equal to a real number if and only if (the integer and a number) is equal to 1 and the population of the geopolitical area is equal to another number holds during the year the integer and the other number and 1000 is equal to a third number and another integer is equal to the number of instances in the class described by a symbolic string and a third integer is equal to the number of instances in the class described by the symbolic string and (the other integer and the third integer) is equal to a fourth number and the fourth number and the third number is equal to the real number 
(<=>
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Barefoot))
(holdsDuring ?T
(not
(exists (?S)
(and
(instance ?S Shoe)
(wears ?A ?S)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2827128279 
Barefoot is an attribute of an entity holds during a time position if and only if there doesn't exist another entity such that the other entity is an instance of shoe and the entity wears the other entity holds during the time position 
(<=>
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Naked))
(holdsDuring ?T
(not
(exists (?C)
(and
(instance ?C Clothing)
(wears ?A ?C)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2828428292 
Naked is an attribute of an entity holds during a time position if and only if there doesn't exist another entity such that the other entity is an instance of clothing and the entity wears the other entity holds during the time position 
(<=>
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?H Alone))
(not
(exists (?H2 ?SI)
(and
(not
(equal ?H ?H2))
(instance ?H2 Agent)
(instance ?SI SocialInteraction)
(during
(WhenFn ?SI) ?T)
(involvedInEvent ?SI ?H)
(involvedInEvent ?SI ?H2))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2836228375 
Alone is an attribute of an entity holds during a time interval if and only if there don't exist the entity2 and a process such that the entity is not equal to the entity2 and the entity2 is an instance of agent and the process is an instance of social interaction and the time of existence of the process takes place during the time interval and the entity is an involved in event of the process and the entity2 is an involved in event of the process 
(<=>
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?P Mute))
(not
(exists (?S)
(and
(instance ?S Speaking)
(during
(WhenFn ?S) ?T)
(agent ?S ?P))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2841028418 
Mute is an attribute of an agent holds during a time interval if and only if there doesn't exist a process such that the process is an instance of speaking and the time of existence of the process takes place during the time interval and the agent is an agent of the process 
(<=>
(instance ?COMPOUND CompoundSubstance)
(exists (?ELEMENT1 ?ELEMENT2 ?PROCESS)
(and
(instance ?ELEMENT1 ElementalSubstance)
(instance ?ELEMENT2 ElementalSubstance)
(not
(equal ?ELEMENT1 ?ELEMENT2))
(instance ?PROCESS ChemicalSynthesis)
(resource ?PROCESS ?ELEMENT1)
(resource ?PROCESS ?ELEMENT2)
(result ?PROCESS ?COMPOUND)))) 
Merge.kif 1191311923 
An entity is an instance of compound substance if and only if there exist an object, another object and a process such that the object is an instance of elemental substance and the other object is an instance of elemental substance and the object is not equal to the other object and the process is an instance of chemical synthesis and the object is a resource for the process and the other object is a resource for the process and the entity is a result of the process 
(<=>
(instance ?CS ConjugatedSubstance)
(exists (?C1 ?C2 ?P)
(and
(instance ?C1 CompoundSubstance)
(instance ?C2 CompoundSubstance)
(not
(equal ?C1 ?C2))
(instance ?P ChemicalSynthesis)
(resource ?P ?C1)
(resource ?P ?C2)
(result ?P ?CS)))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 58995909 
An entity is an instance of conjugated substance if and only if there exist an object, another object and a process such that the object is an instance of compound substance and the other object is an instance of compound substance and the object is not equal to the other object and the process is an instance of chemical synthesis and the object is a resource for the process and the other object is a resource for the process and the entity is a result of the process 
(<=>
(instance ?GRAPH MultiGraph)
(exists (?ARC1 ?ARC2 ?NODE1 ?NODE2)
(and
(graphPart ?ARC1 ?GRAPH)
(graphPart ?ARC2 ?GRAPH)
(graphPart ?NODE1 ?GRAPH)
(graphPart ?NODE2 ?GRAPH)
(links ?NODE1 ?NODE2 ?ARC1)
(links ?NODE1 ?NODE2 ?ARC2)
(not
(equal ?ARC1 ?ARC2))))) 
Merge.kif 55315541 
A graph is an instance of multi graph if and only if there exist a graph arc, another graph arc,, , a graph node and another graph node such that the graph arc is a part of the graph and the other graph arc is a part of the graph and the graph node is a part of the graph and the other graph node is a part of the graph and the graph arc links the graph node and the other graph node and the other graph arc links the graph node and the other graph node and the graph arc is not equal to the other graph arc 
(<=>
(instance ?PROCESS Creation)
(exists (?PATIENT)
(and
(patient ?PROCESS ?PATIENT)
(time ?PATIENT
(EndFn
(WhenFn ?PROCESS)))
(not
(time ?PATIENT
(BeginFn
(WhenFn ?PROCESS))))))) 
Merge.kif 1216112168 
A process is an instance of creation if and only if there exists a physical such that the physical is a patient of the process and the physical exists during the end of the time of existence of the process and the physical doesn't exist during the beginning of the time of existence of the process 
(<=>
(instance ?PROCESS Destruction)
(exists (?PATIENT)
(and
(patient ?PROCESS ?PATIENT)
(time ?PATIENT
(BeginFn
(WhenFn ?PROCESS)))
(not
(time ?PATIENT
(EndFn
(WhenFn ?PROCESS))))))) 
Merge.kif 1166811675 
A process is an instance of destruction if and only if there exists a physical such that the physical is a patient of the process and the physical exists during the beginning of the time of existence of the process and the physical doesn't exist during the end of the time of existence of the process 
(<=>
(lengthOfUnclassifiedGaugeRailway ?AREA ?LENGTH)
(length
(KappaFn ?RAILWAYS
(and
(located ?RAILWAYS ?AREA)
(not
(instance ?RAILWAYS
(UnionFn StandardGaugeRailway
(UnionFn BroadGaugeRailway
(UnionFn DualGaugeRailway NarrowGaugeRailway))))))) ?LENGTH)) 
Transportation.kif 294306 
A length measure is a length of unclassified gauge railway of a geographic area if and only if the length of the class described by a symbolic string is the length measure 
(<=>
(manner ?P Harmless)
(and
(not
(instance ?P Damaging))
(not
(exists (?P2)
(and
(instance ?P2 Damaging)
(subProcess ?P2 ?P))))
(not
(exists (?P2)
(and
(instance ?P2 Damaging)
(causes ?P ?P2)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 2843528449 
A process is performed in the manner Harmless if and only if the process is not an instance of damaging and there doesn't exist the process2 such that the process2 is an instance of damaging and the process2 is a subprocess of the process and there doesn't exist the process2 such that the process2 is an instance of damaging and the process causes the process2 
(<=>
(modalAttribute ?F1 Legal)
(not
(exists (?F2)
(and
(modalAttribute ?F2 Law)
(not
(consistent ?F1 ?F2)))))) 
Midlevelontology.kif 1221512222 
The statement a formula has the modal force of legal if and only if there doesn't exist another formula such that the statement the other formula has the modal force of law and the other formula is not a consistent of the formula 
(<=>
(modalAttribute ?FORMULA Necessity)
(not
(modalAttribute
(not ?FORMULA) Possibility))) 
Merge.kif 1660716609 
The statement a formula has the modal force of necessity if and only if the statement the formula doesn't have the modal force of possibility 
(<=>
(modalAttribute ?FORMULA Obligation)
(not
(modalAttribute
(not ?FORMULA) Permission))) 
Merge.kif 1667016672 
The statement a formula has the modal force of obligation if and only if the statement the formula doesn't have the modal force of permission 
(<=>
(modalAttribute ?FORMULA Prohibition)
(not
(modalAttribute ?FORMULA Permission))) 
Merge.kif 1670616708 
The statement a formula has the modal force of prohibition if and only if the statement the formula doesn't have the modal force of permission 

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