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  CompoundSubstance

Sigma KEE - CompoundSubstance
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
复合物质
这个 Substance Class ,以确定的重量比例 ,拥有两个或以上元素 (ElementalSubstance)。不管事用什麽方法提炼,纯复合物的成分保持不变。复合物由 超过一中原子(元素)组成。分子这个术语通常用来识别哪些仍然保留化合物所有性质的最小单元。例如:食盐 (氯化钠,NaCl)、糖(蔗糖,C_{12}H_{22}O_{11})、水(H_2O)。
Relationships      
Parents 純物质 The Class of Substances with constant composition. A PureSubstance can be either an element (ElementalSubstance) or a compound of elements (CompoundSubstance). Examples: Table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl), sugar (sucrose, C_{12}H_{22}O_{11}), water (H_2O), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and oxygen (O_2).
Children 矾土Alumina is the naturally occurring oxide of aluminum which is found in corundum and bauxite.
 原子团Two or more Atoms that are bound together and comprise part of a Molecule.
 重晶石Barite is Barium Sulfate occurring as a mineral.
 CarbonDioxideCarbon dioxide is a common compound in the Earth's atmosphere, and an essential compound used in the cycle of photosynthesis.
 水泥Cement is a subclass of CompoundSubstance whose instances may contain various minerals or ores, prepared by heating and pulverizing, and used in binding Concrete or in laying brick or stone.
 化学酸A bitter CompoundSubstance that is capable of reacting with a ChemicalBase and forming a ChemicalSalt.
 化学剂Synthetic compounds that are not an analogue of anything occurring naturally and that can result in serious burns, paralysis, and death to Organisms.
 化学基地A CompoundSubstance that is capable of reacting with a ChemicalAcid and forming a ChemicalSalt.
 化学产品ChemicalProduct is the subclass of Product comprising all chemical compounds that are end products or industrial products used in the manufacture of end products.
 化学盐A bitter CompoundSubstance that is formed in a chemical reaction of a ChemicalBase with a ChemicalAcid.
 ChlorofluorocarbonA chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) is an organic compound that contains carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as a volatile derivative of methane and ethane. A common subclass are the hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which contain hydrogen, as well. They are also commonly known by the DuPont trade name Freon. The most common representative is dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12 or Freon-12). Many CFCs have been widely used as refrigerants, propellants (in aerosol applications), and solvents. The manufacture of such compounds has been phased out by the Montreal Protocol because they contribute to ozone depletion. [from Wikipedia]
 铬铁矿A mineral that consists of an oxide of iron and chromium.
 共轭物质A CompoundSubstance that results from the ChemicalSynthesis of two or more CompoundSubstances.
 芋螺毒素A class of neurotoxins that are produced by the Pacific cone snails. The lethality of these toxins varies widely, and it would be impractical to manufacture them on a large scale.
 DDTDDT (dichoro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) is a highly toxic insecticide also harmful to most other animal species. DDT was banned in the UnitedStates in 1972.
 非法药物
 铁矿IronOre is a subclass of CompoundSubstance that contains compounds of iron, of which the most common are hematite and limonite. Iron is obtained from smelting iron ores.
 分子A molecule is the smallest unit of matter of a CompoundSubstance that retains all the physical and chemical properties of that substance, e.g., Ne, H2, H2O. A molecule is two or more Atoms linked by a chemical bond.
 天然气NaturalGas is a combustible mixture of methane and higher hydrocarbons.
 一氧化氮 NitricOxide is a chemical compound in the state of Gas, with a chemical formula of NO.
 二氧化氮NitrogenDioxide is a chemical compound in the state of Gas, with a chemical formula of NO2.
 有机化合物Any CompoundSubstance that has a Carbon base.
 磷酸盐Phospate is a salt or ester of a phosphoric acid.
 磷酸
 钾肥Potash is a Potassium carbonate from wood ashes or a potassium compound.
 石房蛤毒素A class of chemically related neurotoxins that are produced by marine dinoflagellates and carried by Mollusks.
 二氧化硫SulfurDioxide is a toxic Gas with a chemical formula of SO2.
 河豚毒素A Toxin produced by the pufferfish and several other (widely varying) species. The initial symptoms include numbness in the lips and tongue, which spreads throughout the body. The next phase of the poisoning is paralysis, which again spreads throughout the body.
 木材Timber is wood from trees that is suitable for use for building or other human purposes.
 The Class of samples of the compound H20. Note that this Class covers both pure and impure Water.


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