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Sigma KEE - DiseaseOrSyndrome
A BiologicalAttribute which qualifies something that alters or interferes with a normal process, state or activity of an Organism. It is usually characterized by the abnormal functioning of one or more of the host's systems, parts, or Organs.
Parents BiologicalAttribute Attributes that apply specifically to instances of OrganicObject (Organism or AnatomicalStructure).
Children AcquiredImmunoDeficiencySyndromeA disease that attacks the immune system and that is caused by the HIVVirus. Patients are usually infected through blood or semen.
 ChronicDiseaseA chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months. Common chronic diseases include arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, Lyme disease, autoimmune diseases, genetic disorders and some viral diseases such as hepatitis C and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. [from Wikipedia]
 DiabetesDiabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a group of common endocrine diseases characterized by sustained high blood sugar levels. Diabetes is due to either the Pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the Cells of the body not responding properly to the Insulin produced. Diabetes, if left untreated, leads to many health complications. Untreated or poorly treated diabetes accounts for approximately 1.5 million Deaths per year. There is no widely accepted cure for most cases of diabetes. The most common treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin replacement therapy (insulin injections). Anti-diabetic medications such as metformin and semaglutide, as well as lifestyle modifications, can be used to prevent or respond to type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes normally resolves shortly after delivery.[from Wikipedia]
 DisabilityDisability is a class of DiseaseOrSyndrome that describes impairments, activity limitations or participation restriction that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination [from Wikipedia]
 DysautonomiaDysautonomia or autonomic dysfunction is a condition in which the autonomic nervous system (ANS) does not work properly. This may affect the functioning of the Heart, Bladder, Intestines, SweatGlands, Pupils, and BloodVessels. Dysautonomia has many causes, not all of which may be classified as neuropathic. A number of conditions can feature dysautonomia, such as ParkinsonsDisease, multiple system atrophy, and dementia with Lewy bodies, Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy and autonomic neuropathy, HIV/AIDS, autonomic failure, and postural orthostatic Tachycardia syndrome.[from Wikipedia]
 FibromyalgiaFibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterized by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure. Other symptoms include tiredness to a degree that normal activities are affected, sleep problems, and cognitive dysfunctions. Some people also report restless legs syndrome, bowel or bladder problems, numbness and tingling and sensitivity to noise, lights or temperature. Patients with fibromyalgia are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder.[from Wikipedia]
 FungalDiseaseA disease caused by a Fungus.
 InfectiousDiseaseAny DiseaseOrSyndrome that is caused by a Microorganism.
 LifeThreateningDiseaseA DiseaseOrSyndrome that has been observed to cause the death of Humans.
 NonspecificDiseaseThe class of DiseaseOrSyndromes that are not caused by a single type of Microorganism.
 ParasiticDiseaseA disease caused by a Parasite.
 PellagraPellagra is a disease caused by a lack of the vitamin niacin (vitamin B3). Symptoms include inflamed skin, diarrhea, dementia, and sores in the mouth. Areas of the skin exposed to either sunlight or friction are typically affected first. Over time affected skin may become darker, stiffen, peel, or bleed. There are two main types of pellagra, primary and secondary. Primary pellagra is due to a diet that does not contain enough niacin and tryptophan. Secondary pellagra is due to a poor ability to use the niacin within the diet. This can occur as a result of alcoholism, long-term diarrhea, carcinoid syndrome, Hartnup disease, and a number of medications such as isoniazid. Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and may be assisted by urine testing. Treatment is with either niacin or nicotinamide supplementation. Improvements typically begin within a couple of days. General improvements in diet are also frequently recommended. Decreasing sun exposure via sunscreen and proper clothing is important while the skin heals. Without treatment death may occur. The disease occurs most commonly in the developing world, specifically sub-Saharan Africa.[from Wikipedia]
 PhysicalDiseaseA DiseaseOrSyndrome other than a PsychologicalDysfunction.
 PsychologicalDysfunctionA clinically significant dysfunction whose major manifestation is behavioral or psychological. These dysfunctions may have identified or presumed biological etiologies or manifestations.
 RectalTenesmusRectal tenesmus is a feeling of incomplete defecation. It is the sensation of inability or difficulty to empty the bowel at defecation, even if the bowel contents have already been evacuated. Tenesmus indicates the feeling of a residue, and is not always correlated with the actual presence of residual fecal matter in the rectum. It is frequently painful and may be accompanied by involuntary straining and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Tenesmus has both a nociceptive and a neuropathic component.[from Wikipedia]
 SinusitisSinusitis is inflammation of the mucous membranes that line the sinuses (NavalCavity) resulting in symptoms that may include thick nasal Mucus, a plugged Nose, and facial Pain. Other signs and symptoms may include Fever, Headaches, a poor sense of smell, sore throat, and Coughing. It is defined as acute sinusitis if it lasts less than 4 weeks, and as chronic sinusitis if it lasts for more than 12 weeks. Sinusitis can be caused by infection, allergies, air pollution, or structural problems in the nose. Most cases are caused by a viral infection. Recurrent episodes are more likely in persons with Asthma, cystic fibrosis, and poor immune function. Pain killers such as naproxen, nasal Steroids, and nasal irrigation may be used to help with symptoms. If symptoms do not improve in 7–10 days or get worse, then an antibiotic may be used or changed. In those in whom Antibiotics are used, either amoxicillin or Amoxicillin/clavulanate is recommended.[from Wikipedia]
 TraumaticBrainInjuryA traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the Brain caused by an external force. TBI can be classified based on severity ranging from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI/Concussion) to severe traumatic brain injury. TBI can also be characterized based on mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury) or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head injury is a broader category that may involve damage to other structures such as the scalp and Skull. TBI can result in physical, cognitive, social, emotional and behavioral symptoms, and outcomes can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or Death.[from Wikipedia]
 TyphoidFeverA life-threatening disease that is caused by SalmonellaTyphi.

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