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Sigma KEE - BacterialAgent
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BiologicalAgents that are instances of Bacterium.
Parents Bacterium A small, typically one-celled, prokaryotic Microorganism.
  ToxicOrganism The Class of Organisms which are poisonous to other Organisms.
Children BacillusAnthracisThe Bacterium which causes the disease Anthrax. Humans may become infected with Anthrax via contamination of a wound or by inhaling the Bacterium. When it is inhaled, the disease is often fatal if not treated early (see InhalationalAnthrax).
 BacillusCereusA Bacterium that is closely related to and often found near BacillusAnthracis, the Bacterium that causes Anthrax. BacillusCereus causes two forms of food poisoning, one characterized by diarrhea and the other by vomiting. In most cases the disease is not life-threatening.
 BordetellaPertussisThe Bacterium that causes Pertussis.
 BrucellaBacteriumThe Bacterium which is responsible for the disease Brucellosis. This class covers Brucella Abortus (which infects humans and cattle), Brucella Melitensis (which infects sheep, goats, and humans), and Brucella Suis (which infects pigs).
 BurkholderiaMalleiThe Bacterium that causes the disease Glanders. It is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals. The bacteria enter the body through the skin and the mucosal surfaces of the eyes and nose.
 BurkholderiaPseudomalleiFormerly known as Pseudomonas Pseudomallei, this is the Bacterium that causes Melioidosis.
 ChlamydiaPsittaciThe Bacterium that causes Psittacosis.
 ClostridiumBotulinumThe Bacterium that produces BotulinumToxin.
 ClostridiumPerfringensBacterium often found in the intestines of Animals. Ingesting this Bacterium can result in Perfringens food poisoning, which can attack internal organs and lead to gangrene.
 ClostridiumTetaniThe Bacterium that causes the disease Tetanus.
 CorynebacteriumDiphtheriaeThe Bacterium that secretes a Toxin that causes Diphtheria.
 EscherichiaColi0157H7One of hundreds of strains of the Escherichia Coli Bacterium. This strain lives in the intestines of healthy cattle, but it can cause severe illness when ingested by humans.
 FrancisellaTularensisThe Bacterium that causes the disease Tularemia. Also known as Pasturella Tularensis. The Bacterium has two strains, Jellison type A (F. tularensis biovar tularensis) and type B strains (F tularensis biovar palaearctica), and it is infectious with a dose as small as 50 cells per milliliter.
 GiardiaLambliaA Bacterium that causes Gastroenteritis. It is present in many streams and lakes, and it is carried by beavers and other animals.
 LegionellaThe Bacterium that causes Legionellosis, which is known as LegionnairesDisease (when it infects the lungs) and PontiacFever (when it doesn't affect the lungs).
 MycobacteriumTuberculosisThe Bacterium that causes Tuberculosis.
 NeisseriaGonorrhoeaeThe Bacterium that causes Gonorrhea.
 RickettsialAgentBiologicalAgents that are rickettsial organisms, i.e. gram-negative bacteria that infect mammals and arthropods.
 SalmonellaPartyphiCauses a less severe illness than SalmonellaTyphimurium.
 SalmonellaTyphiThe Bacterium that causes TyphoidFever.
 SalmonellaTyphimuriumA bacterium that can cause death in young, elderly or immunodeficient people. It appears in the stool of infected people.
 SerratiaMarcenscensA Bacterium that can cause death in infected Humans.
 ShigellaDysenteriaeCauses severe dysentery (even when as little as 100 bacteria are ingested). This form of dysentery results in death in 10-20 percent of infections.
 StaphyylococcusAureusA bacterium that secretes StaphylococcalEnterotoxicB. It causes chills, headache, muscle pain, coughing (which may last for weeks), and sudden fever of up to 106 degrees (which may last for days). It occasionally causes nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
 StreptococcusAThe Bacterium that causes strep throat, scarlet fever, and necrotizing faciitis (flesh-eating bacteria).
 VibrioCholeraThe Bacterium that is responsible for Cholera.
 YersiniaPestisThe Bacterium that causes Plague.
 YersiniaPseudotuberculosisCauses a disease whose symptoms include diarrhea, fever, headache, skin ulcers, and post-infectious arthritis.

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