Simple Browser : Welcome guest : log in
Home |  Graph |  ]  KB:  Language:   

Formal Language: 

Sigma KEE - Mixture
KB Term: 

A Mixture is two or more PureSubstances, combined in varying proportions - each retaining its own specific properties. The components of a Mixture can be separated by physical means, i.e. without the making and breaking of chemical bonds. Examples: Air, table salt thoroughly dissolved in water, milk, wood, and concrete.
Parents substance An Object in which every part is similar to every other in every relevant respect. More precisely, something is a Substance when it has only arbitrary pieces as parts - any parts have properties which are similar to those of the whole. Note that a Substance may nonetheless have physical properties that vary. For example, the temperature, chemical constitution, density, etc. may change from one part to another. An example would be a body of water.
Children bauxiteBauxite is an impure mixture of earthy hydrous aluminum oxides and hydroxides that is the principal source of aluminum.
 colloidA Colloid is a Mixture in which microscopically dispersed Insoluble particles, between 0.95 and 977 Nanometers in approximateDiameter on the Wentworth Scale are suspended throughout another Substance.
 concreteConcrete is a class of CompoundSubstances used as building materials. Concrete is made up of Mineral pieces (sand or gravel) and a Cement material used to bind them together.
 detergentA detergent is a compound, or a mixture of compounds, whose molecules have two distinct regions: one that is hydrophilic, and dissolves easily in water, and another region that is hydrophobic, with little (if any) affinity for water. As a consequence, these compounds can aid in the solubilization of hydrophobic compounds in water, and usually are optimized for this property. Though Soap also has these properties, soaps in general are not considered detergents. Soap is a particular type of surfactant that is derived from oils and fats. They are created through the saponification process whereby the ester linkage in a vegetable oil or fat is hydrolytically cleaved, creating a sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid (i.e. soap). Both detergents and soaps are considered to be surfactants. Surfactants that are not soaps are considered to be detergents. Detergents are also commonly known as any cleaning mixture containing surfactants. (from Wikipedia)
 doughA Mixture of Flour, Water, and possibly other ingredients (such as Butter and Salt), which is used in making BreadOrBiscuits.
 exhaustA concept to broadly cover all physical byproducts of Combustion, other than light or heat. While exhaust is often an undesirable byproduct of combustion that serves some particular purpose, and where heat or light is desired, there is also the case of smoke signals or mosquito-repelling smudge pots in which exhaust (and often ineffecient combustion, to produce the most smoke) is the desirable output of combustion. Exhaust differs from Smoke in that it need not be visible.
 fertilizerAny Mixture which is used to provide nutrients to living Plants. Fertilizers can be made up of plant or animal material, e.g. compost, or they can be entirely synthetic, e.g. ammonium nitrate.
 gas mixtureAny Mixture that satisfies two conditions, viz. it is made up predominantly of things which are a Gas and any component other than Gas in the Mixture is in the form of fine particles which are suspended in the Gas.
 gemstoneGemstone is the subclass of Mineral items that are especially valued for use in jewelry and other decorative items, and also in some mechanical and industrial applications.
 glassA transparent or translucent Mixture of silicates.
 glueAny Mixture whose purpose is to be used as the instrument of Attaching one thing to another.
 gravelGravel is a mixture of &Pebbles which are between 2 Millimeter to 64 Millimeter in approximateDiameter in the Wentworth Scale.
 gun powderA Mixture of potassium nitrate, sulfur, and charcoal that is used in ExplosiveDevices and to propell Projectiles in ProjectileWeapons.
 humusHumus is decaying organic matter found in Soil and derived from dead animal and plant material.
 hydraulic fluidA Substance that is virtuall incompressible. It is intended to be used in its Liquid state. It can be thought of as a liquid gear, creating a mechanical advantage in a hydraulic system. Small amounts of fluid can be easily and rapidly added to a chamber that actuates a piston which can generate great force.
 liquid mixtureAny Mixture that satisfies two conditions, viz. it is made up predominantly of things which are a Liquid and any component other than Liquid in the Mixture is in the form of fine particles which are suspended in the Liquid.
 metallic alloyA Mixture of two or more Metals, and possibly nonmetallic elements as well. For example, steel is an alloy containing iron and manganese.
 particulate matterParticulateMatter is a mixture of very small solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere with an approximateDiameter of less than 1,000 Micrometers (0.001 mm).
 sewageThe byproduct of Animal digestion. Sewage is a waste product that is removed from the body of an animal by a normally functioning BiologicalProcess. Sewage consists largely of substances which the animal cannot digest, or may be harmful, so the breakdown of the biological waste removal process can be evidence or cause of a DiseaseOrSyndrome.
 soilSoil is a substance composed of fine rock material disintegrated by geological processes, mixed with humus, the organic remains of decomposed vegetation.
 vomitFood that was expelled from the Stomach of an Animal.

Show simplified definition with tree view
Show full definition (without tree view)
Show full definition (with tree view)

Sigma web home      Suggested Upper Merged Ontology (SUMO) web home
Sigma version 3.0 is open source software produced by Articulate Software and its partners