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Sigma KEE - PathologicProcess
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pathologic process
A disordered process, activity, or state of the Organism as a whole, of a body system or systems, or of multiple Organs or Tissues. Included here are normal responses to a negative stimulus as well as patholologic conditions or states that are less specific than a disease. Pathologic functions frequently have systemic effects.
Relationships      
Parents biological process A Process embodied in an Organism.
Children AllergicReactionA reaction by someone who is allergic to some substance coming into contact with it.
 atrophyAny decrease in the size of a BodyPart which is due to disease or lack of use.
 bloatingAny Process where the stomach or instestines of a Human or Animal become distended from excessive gas.
 chokingDifficulty Breathing due to an obstruction of an airway, resulting in reflexive Coughing to clear the obstruction.
 edemaEdema, also spelled oedema, and also known as fluid retention, dropsy, hydropsy and swelling, is the build-up of fluid in the body's tissue. Most commonly, the legs or arms are affected. Symptoms may include skin which feels tight, the area may feel heavy, and affected joints may be hard to move. Other symptoms depend on the underlying cause. Causes may include venous insufficiency, heart failure, kidney problems, low protein levels, liver problems, deep vein thrombosis, infections, angioedema, certain medications, and lymphedema. It may also occur after prolonged sitting or standing and during menstruation or pregnancy. The condition is more concerning if it starts suddenly, or pain or shortness of breath is present. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. If the underlying mechanism involves sodium retention, decreased salt intake and a diuretic may be used. Elevating the legs and support stockings may be useful for edema of the legs. Older people are more commonly affected. [from Wikipedia]
 HallucinationA PsychologicalDysfunction where the experiencer has a Perception of something that is not true.
 headachePain that that is restricted to the Head.
 heart attackA myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the Heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is ChestPain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms. Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest.[from Wikipedia]
 injuringThe process of creating a traumatic wound or injury. Since Injuring is not possible without some biologic function of the organism being injured, it is a subclass of BiologicalProcess.
 insomniaA physiological or psychological inability to get enough time Sleeping for wellbeing.
 painA physical sensation of discomfort which can vary widely in intensity.
 pericarditisInflammation of the Pericardium.
 skin rashA rash is a change of the Human Skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture. A rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect all the skin. Rashes may cause the skin to change color, itch, become warm, bumpy, chapped, dry, cracked or blistered, swell, and may be painful. The causes, and therefore treatments for rashes, vary widely. [from Wikipedia]
 strokeA stroke is a medical condition in which poor Blood flow to the brain causes cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. Both cause parts of the brain to stop functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours, the stroke is a transient ischemic attack (TIA), also called a mini-stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke may also be associated with a severe headache. The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications may include pneumonia and loss of bladder control.[from Wikipedia]
 taking illAny Process where the experiencer contracts a DiseaseOrSyndrome.


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