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Sigma KEE - AmericanSignLanguage
AmericanSignLanguage(american sign language)
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appearance as argument number 1

(documentation AmericanSignLanguage EnglishLanguage "AmericanSignLanguage is a DeafSignLanguage of the UnitedStates. SIL code: ASE. ISO 639-2: sgn. Population: 100,000 to 500,000 primary users (1986 Gallaudet U.) out of nearly 2,000,000 profoundly deaf persons in USA (1988), 0.8% of the USA population. 15,000,000 hard of hearing persons in the USA (1989 Sacks). Population total all countries 100,000 to 500,000. Region: Also used in varying degrees in Canada, Philippines, Ghana, Nigeria, Chad, Burkina Faso, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Mauritania, Kenya, Madagascar, Benin, Togo, Zimbabwe, Singapore, China (Hong Kong). Also spoken in Canada, Guatemala. Alternate names: ASL, AMESLAN, THE LANGUAGE OF THE DEAF. Dialects: BLACK AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE, TACTILE SIGN LANGUAGE. Comments: Black American Sign Language developed in segregated schools in the south. It contains much sign vocabulary not in ASL and some different grammatical structure. Tactile Sign Language is used by over 900 persons in Louisiana who know ASL, but have lost their sight from a generic cause: Usher's Syndrome. They communicate by touch on each other's wrists. Some have migrated to Seattle. Some have learned Braille. ASL has 43% lexical similarity with French Sign Language in an 872-word list. Sign language interpreters provided in court, for college students, at important public events, in job training, at social services programs, in mental health service programs, some instruction for parents of deaf children, many sign language classes for hearing people. There is an organization for sign language teachers. Many hearing people are learning ASL as second language. Reported to be the third largest language in the USA (1993 Honolulu Advertiser). Used since 1817. ASL is different from 'English on the Hands' (Signed English, Siglish). There are several systems of manually coded English, including different ones in different countries. Also several systems called Pidgin Signed English. Pidgin Signed English is taught in schools in the USA rather than ASL. Investigation needed: intelligibility with Black American Sign Language. Dictionary. SOV, prepositions, genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads, question word initial. The average deaf person graduates from high school with 3rd or 4th grade reading level in English. TV, videos. Bible portions 1982-1996. Also used in: Canada (Language name AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE, Alternate names: ASL, AMESLAN). Comments: Dialect differences with USA ASL, and regional differences in Canada from east to west. Structurally and grammatically distinct from Quebec Sign Language (LSQ). Has grammatical characteristics independent of English. A few adults know both ASL and LSQ. Most signers from eastern 'Canada use ASL with some British Sign Language vocabulary, a remnant from Maritime Sign Language, which came from British Sign Language. Sign language interpreters are required for deaf people in court. Used for deaf college students, important public functions, job training, social service programs, sign language instruction for parents of deaf children, classes for hearing people, organization for sign language teachers, committee on national sign language. Manual alphabet. Dictionary. TV, videos. Bible portions 1982-1987. Also used in: Guatemala (Language name: AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE, Alternate names: ASL, AMESLAN). Comments: There may be other sign languages besides ASL. Dictionary. Videos. Bible portions 1982-1987.(extract from http:/ / )") Languages.kif 182-230
(externalImage AmericanSignLanguage " commons/ 4/ 44/ Map_of_USA_in_ASL.png") pictureList.kif 10401-10401
(externalImage AmericanSignLanguage " commons/ 4/ 4a/ Asl_alphabet_gallaudet_ann.png") pictureList.kif 10400-10400
(externalImage AmericanSignLanguage " commons/ 5/ 56/ ABC_pict.png") pictureList.kif 10399-10399
(externalImage AmericanSignLanguage " commons/ 7/ 7d/ American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg") pictureList.kif 4494-4494
(externalImage AmericanSignLanguage " commons/ d/ d0/ American_finger_alphabet_engraving.png") pictureList.kif 10398-10398
(instance AmericanSignLanguage DeafSignLanguage) Languages.kif 181-181 American sign language is an instance of deaf sign language

appearance as argument number 2

(termFormat ChineseLanguage AmericanSignLanguage "美国手语") domainEnglishFormat.kif 7194-7194
(termFormat ChineseTraditionalLanguage AmericanSignLanguage "美國手語") domainEnglishFormat.kif 7193-7193
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AmericanSignLanguage "american sign language") domainEnglishFormat.kif 7192-7192

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