Relationships




Instances  抽象的な  Properties or qualities as distinguished from any particular embodiment of the properties/qualities in a physical medium. Instances of Abstract can be said to exist in the same sense as mathematical objects such as sets and relations, but they cannot exist at a particular place and time without some physical encoding or embodiment. 
 反対称関係  BinaryRelation ?REL is an AntisymmetricRelation if for distinct ?INST1 and ?INST2, (?REL ?INST1 ?INST2) implies not (?REL ?INST2 ?INST1). In other words, for all ?INST1 and ?INST2, (?REL ?INST1 ?INST2) and (?REL ?INST2 ?INST1) imply that ?INST1 and ?INST2 are identical. Note that it is possible for an AntisymmetricRelation to be a ReflexiveRelation. 
 非対称関係  A BinaryRelation is asymmetric if and only if it is both an AntisymmetricRelation and an IrreflexiveRelation. 
 2項関係  BinaryRelations are relations that are true only of pairs of things. BinaryRelations are represented as slots in frame systems. 
 エンティティー  The universal class of individuals. This is the root node of the ontology. 
 関数  A Function is a termforming Relation that maps from a ntuple of arguments to a range and that associates this ntuple with at most one range element. Note that the range is a SetOrClass, and each element of the range is an instance of the SetOrClass. 
 InheritableRelation  The class of Relations whose properties can be inherited downward in the class hierarchy via the subrelation Predicate. 
 非反射関係  Relation ?REL is irreflexive iff (?REL ?INST ?INST) holds for no value of ?INST. 
 関係  The Class of relations. There are three kinds of Relation: Predicate, Function, and List. Predicates and Functions both denote sets of ordered ntuples. The difference between these two Classes is that Predicates cover formulaforming operators, while Functions cover termforming operators. A List, on the other hand, is a particular ordered ntuple. 
 一価関係  A Relation is a SingleValuedRelation just in case an assignment of values to every argument position except the last one determines at most one assignment for the last argument position. Note that not all SingleValuedRelations are TotalValuedRelations. 
 合計値関係  A Relation is a TotalValuedRelation just in case there exists an assignment for the last argument position of the Relation given any assignment of values to every argument position except the last one. Note that declaring a Relation to be both a TotalValuedRelation and a SingleValuedRelation means that it is a total function. 
 1変数関数  The Class of Functions that require a single argument. 
Belongs to Class

エンティティー 
  