Relationships




Instances  abstract  Properties or qualities as distinguished from any particular embodiment of the properties/qualities in a physical medium. Instances of Abstract can be said to exist in the same sense as mathematical objects such as sets and relations, but they cannot exist at a particular place and time without some physical encoding or embodiment. 
 entity  The universal class of individuals. This is the root node of the ontology. 
 inheritable relation  The class of Relations whose properties can be inherited downward in the class hierarchy via the subrelation Predicate. 
 predicate  A Predicate is a sentenceforming Relation. Each tuple in the Relation is a finite, ordered sequence of objects. The fact that a particular tuple is an element of a Predicate is denoted by '(*predicate* arg_1 arg_2 .. arg_n)', where the arg_i are the objects so related. In the case of BinaryPredicates, the fact can be read as `arg_1 is *predicate* arg_2' or `a *predicate* of arg_1 is arg_2'. 
 relation  The Class of relations. There are three kinds of Relation: Predicate, Function, and List. Predicates and Functions both denote sets of ordered ntuples. The difference between these two Classes is that Predicates cover formulaforming operators, while Functions cover termforming operators. A List, on the other hand, is a particular ordered ntuple. 
 single valued relation  A Relation is a SingleValuedRelation just in case an assignment of values to every argument position except the last one determines at most one assignment for the last argument position. Note that not all SingleValuedRelations are TotalValuedRelations. 
 ternary predicate  The Class of Predicates that require exactly three arguments. 
 ternary relation  TernaryRelations relate three items. The two subclasses of TernaryRelation are TernaryPredicate and BinaryFunction. 
 total valued relation  A Relation is a TotalValuedRelation just in case there exists an assignment for the last argument position of the Relation given any assignment of values to every argument position except the last one. Note that declaring a Relation to be both a TotalValuedRelation and a SingleValuedRelation means that it is a total function. 
Belongs to Class

entity 
  