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Formal Language: 



KB Term:  Term intersection
English Word: 

Sigma KEE - before
before

appearance as argument number 1
-------------------------


(documentation before ChineseLanguage "(before ?POINT1 ?POINT2)的意思是 ?POINT1 在通用时 间轴上比 ?POINT2 先开始。") Merge.kif 8297-8298
(documentation before EnglishLanguage "(before ?POINT1 ?POINT2) means that ?POINT1 precedes ?POINT2 on the universal timeline.") Merge.kif 8295-8296
(domain before 1 TimePoint) Merge.kif 8293-8293 The number 1 argument of before is an instance of time point
(domain before 2 TimePoint) Merge.kif 8294-8294 The number 2 argument of before is an instance of time point
(instance before IrreflexiveRelation) Merge.kif 8289-8289 before is an instance of irreflexive relation
(instance before TemporalRelation) Merge.kif 8288-8288 before is an instance of temporal relation
(instance before TransitiveRelation) Merge.kif 8290-8290 before is an instance of transitive relation
(relatedInternalConcept before earlier) Merge.kif 8292-8292 before is internally related to earlier
(subrelation before beforeOrEqual) Merge.kif 8291-8291 before is a subrelation of before or equal

appearance as argument number 2
-------------------------


(format ChineseLanguage before "%1%n在%2before发生") chinese_format.kif 423-423
(format EnglishLanguage before "%1 %n{doesn't} happen%p{s} before %2") english_format.kif 256-256
(termFormat ChineseLanguage before "之前") chinese_format.kif 424-424 "之前" is the printable form of before in ChineseLanguage
(termFormat EnglishLanguage before "before") domainEnglishFormat.kif 2180-2180 "before" is the printable form of before in english language

antecedent
-------------------------


(=>
    (and
        (attribute ?H Mausaharati)
        (instance ?D Drumming)
        (agent ?D ?H)
        (instance ?DAY Day)
        (instance ?S Sunrise)
        (during ?S ?D)
        (before ?D ?S))
    (hasPurpose ?D
        (exists (?P ?SUHUR ?WU)
            (and
                (instance ?WU WakingUp)
                (experiencer ?WU ?P)
                (instance ?SUHUR Suhur)
                (agent ?SUHUR ?P)
                (before ?WU ?SUHUR)
                (during ?WU ?DAY)
                (during ?SUHUR ?DAY)))))
ArabicCulture.kif 57-75
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?A Ambulating)
        (subProcess ?S1 ?A)
        (instance ?S1 Stepping)
        (subProcess ?S2 ?A)
        (instance ?S2 Stepping)
        (equal ?S1-START
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?S1)))
        (equal ?S2-START
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?S2)))
        (not
            (or
                (before ?S1-START ?S2-START)
                (before ?S2-START ?S1-START))))
    (equal ?S1 ?S2))
Mid-level-ontology.kif 676-689
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?CD CertificateOfDeposit)
        (maturityDate ?CD ?MaturityDate)
        (instance ?Withdrawal Withdrawal)
        (origin ?Withdrawal
            (CurrencyFn ?CD))
        (date ?Withdrawal ?DateOfWithdrawal)
        (before
            (EndFn ?DateOfWithdrawal)
            (BeginFn ?MaturityDate)))
    (exists (?Penalty)
        (and
            (instance ?Penalty Penalty)
            (destination ?Penalty
                (CurrencyFn ?CD))
            (causes ?Withdrawal ?Penalty))))
FinancialOntology.kif 1032-1044
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?PROCESS ?PROCESS_CLASS)
        (subclass ?PROCESS_CLASS Process)
        (instance ?ACCESSING AccessingWebPage)
        (instance ?AGENT Agent)
        (agent ?PROCESS ?AGENT)
        (agent ?ACCESSING ?AGENT)
        (during ?PROCESS ?ACCESSING)
        (instance ?TIMETOFIRST TimeInterval)
        (not
            (exists (?PROCESS2)
                (and
                    (instance ?PROCESS2 ?PROCESS_CLASS)
                    (agent ?PROCESS2 ?AGENT)
                    (during ?PROCESS2 ?ACCESSING)
                    (before
                        (BeginFn
                            (WhenFn ?PROCESS2))
                        (BeginFn
                            (WhenFn ?PROCESS))))))
        (equal
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?ACCESSING))
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?TIMETOFIRST)))
        (equal
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?PROCESS))
            (EndFn
                (WhenFn ?TIMETOFIRST))))
    (equal
        (TTFxFn ?PROCESS_CLASS ?ACCESSING) ?TIMETOFIRST))
UXExperimentalTerms.kif 1703-1725
(=>
    (and
        (property ?Option Option)
        (optionHolder ?Option ?Agent)
        (strikePrice ?Option ?Price)
        (agreementExpirationDate ?Option ?ExpDate)
        (price ?Stocks ?Price ?Time)
        (instance ?Time TimeInterval)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Time)
            (BeginFn ?ExpDate))
        (underlier ?Option ?Stocks))
    (holdsRight
        (KappaFn ?Sell
            (and
                (instance ?Sell Selling)
                (patient ?Sell ?Stocks)
                (time ?Sell ?Time)
                (measure ?Stocks
                    (MeasureFn 100 ShareUnit))
                (agent ?Sell ?Agent))) ?Agent))
FinancialOntology.kif 2590-2606
(=>
    (and
        (property ?Option Option)
        (optionHolder ?Option ?Agent)
        (strikePrice ?Option ?Price)
        (agreementExpirationDate ?Option ?ExpDate)
        (underlier ?Option ?Stocks)
        (price ?Stocks ?Price ?Time)
        (instance ?Time TimeInterval)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Time)
            (BeginFn ?ExpDate)))
    (holdsRight
        (KappaFn ?Buy
            (and
                (instance ?Buy Buying)
                (patient ?Buy ?Stocks)
                (time ?Buy ?Time)
                (measure ?Stocks
                    (MeasureFn 100 ShareUnit))
                (agent ?Buy ?Agent))) ?Agent))
FinancialOntology.kif 2546-2562
(=>
    (and
        (property ?Option Option)
        (optionSeller ?Option ?Agent)
        (strikePrice ?Option ?Price)
        (agreementExpirationDate ?Option ?ExpDate)
        (price ?Stocks ?Price ?Time)
        (instance ?Time TimeInterval)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Time)
            (BeginFn ?ExpDate))
        (underlier ?Option ?Stocks))
    (holdsObligation
        (KappaFn ?Buy
            (and
                (instance ?Buy Buying)
                (patient ?Buy ?Stocks)
                (time ?Buy ?Time)
                (measure ?Stocks
                    (MeasureFn 100 ShareUnit))
                (agent ?Buy ?Agent))) ?Agent))
FinancialOntology.kif 2608-2624
(=>
    (and
        (property ?Option Option)
        (optionSeller ?Option ?Seller)
        (strikePrice ?Option ?Price)
        (agreementExpirationDate ?Option ?ExpDate)
        (underlier ?Option ?Stocks)
        (price ?Stocks ?Price ?Time)
        (instance ?Time TimeInterval)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Time)
            (BeginFn ?ExpDate)))
    (holdsObligation
        (KappaFn ?Sell
            (and
                (instance ?Sell Selling)
                (patient ?Sell ?Stocks)
                (time ?Sell ?Time)
                (measure ?Stocks
                    (MeasureFn 100 ShareUnit))
                (agent ?Sell ?Agent))) ?Seller))
FinancialOntology.kif 2564-2580
(=>
    (and
        (transactionAmount ?Payment ?Amount)
        (date ?Payment ?Date)
        (instance ?Account FinancialAccount)
        (destination ?Payment
            (CurrencyFn ?Account))
        (amountDue ?Account ?AmountDue ?DueDate)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Date)
            (BeginFn ?DueDate)))
    (instance ?Payment Prepayment))
FinancialOntology.kif 779-787

consequent
-------------------------


(<=>
    (earlier ?INTERVAL1 ?INTERVAL2)
    (before
        (EndFn ?INTERVAL1)
        (BeginFn ?INTERVAL2)))
Merge.kif 8482-8484 A time interval happens earlier than another time interval if and only if the end of the time interval happens before the beginning of the other time interval
(<=>
    (finishes ?INTERVAL1 ?INTERVAL2)
    (and
        (before
            (BeginFn ?INTERVAL2)
            (BeginFn ?INTERVAL1))
        (equal
            (EndFn ?INTERVAL2)
            (EndFn ?INTERVAL1))))
Merge.kif 8278-8286 A time interval finishes another time interval if and only if the beginning of the other time interval happens before the beginning of the time interval and the end of the other time interval is equal to the end of the time interval
(<=>
    (starts ?INTERVAL1 ?INTERVAL2)
    (and
        (equal
            (BeginFn ?INTERVAL1)
            (BeginFn ?INTERVAL2))
        (before
            (EndFn ?INTERVAL1)
            (EndFn ?INTERVAL2))))
Merge.kif 8254-8262 A time interval starts another time interval if and only if the beginning of the time interval is equal to the beginning of the other time interval and the end of the time interval happens before the end of the other time interval
(<=>
    (temporallyBetween ?POINT1 ?POINT2 ?POINT3)
    (and
        (before ?POINT1 ?POINT2)
        (before ?POINT2 ?POINT3)))
Merge.kif 8360-8364 A time point is between another time point and a third time point if and only if the other time point happens before the time point and the time point happens before the third time point
(=>
    (albumRelease ?A ?T)
    (and
        (exists (?R1 ?DS1)
            (releaseForSale
                (AlbumCopiesFn ?A ?DS1) ?R1 ?T))
        (not
            (exists (?B ?R2 ?DS2)
                (and
                    (before ?B ?T)
                    (releaseForSale
                        (AlbumCopiesFn ?A ?DS2) ?R2 ?B))))))
Music.kif 255-264
(=>
    (and
        (attribute ?H Mausaharati)
        (instance ?D Drumming)
        (agent ?D ?H)
        (instance ?DAY Day)
        (instance ?S Sunrise)
        (during ?S ?D)
        (before ?D ?S))
    (hasPurpose ?D
        (exists (?P ?SUHUR ?WU)
            (and
                (instance ?WU WakingUp)
                (experiencer ?WU ?P)
                (instance ?SUHUR Suhur)
                (agent ?SUHUR ?P)
                (before ?WU ?SUHUR)
                (during ?WU ?DAY)
                (during ?SUHUR ?DAY)))))
ArabicCulture.kif 57-75
(=>
    (and
        (attribute ?MR CoverRecording)
        (instance ?MR MusicRecording)
        (songArtist ?MR ?A)
        (musicInterpretation ?MR ?M)
        (record ?MR ?MM))
    (exists (?ORIG ?ARTIST ?MUSIC)
        (and
            (musicInterpretation ?ORIG ?M)
            (songArtist ?ORIG ?ARTIST)
            (not
                (equal ?A ?ARTIST))
            (record ?ORIG ?MUSIC)
            (before
                (WhenFn ?MUSIC)
                (WhenFn ?MM)))))
Music.kif 460-473
(=>
    (and
        (checkOutTime ?HOTEL ?TIME)
        (guest ?GUEST ?HOTEL))
    (expects ?HOTEL
        (exists (?T ?C)
            (and
                (instance ?T ?TIME)
                (patient ?C ?GUEST)
                (instance ?C CheckOutService)
                (agent ?C ?HOTEL)
                (before
                    (BeginFn
                        (WhenFn ?C)) ?T)))))
Hotel.kif 653-664
(=>
    (and
        (destination ?MSG ?TELEX)
        (instance ?MSG Messaging)
        (patient ?MSG ?M)
        (instance ?TELEX Telex))
    (exists (?PROC ?TEXT)
        (and
            (instrument ?PROC ?TELEX)
            (result ?PROC ?TEXT)
            (represents ?TEXT ?M)
            (instance ?TEXT Text)
            (before
                (BeginFn
                    (WhenFn ?MSG))
                (BeginFn
                    (WhenFn ?PROC))))))
Communications.kif 202-214
(=>
    (and
        (equal
            (EditionFn ?TEXT ?INT1) ?EDITION1)
        (equal
            (EditionFn ?TEXT ?INT2) ?EDITION2)
        (greaterThan ?INT2 ?INT1)
        (instance ?PUB1 Publication)
        (instance ?PUB2 Publication)
        (instance ?CBO1 ?EDITION1)
        (instance ?CBO2 ?EDITION2)
        (patient ?PUB1 ?CBO1)
        (patient ?PUB2 ?CBO2)
        (date ?PUB1 ?DATE1)
        (date ?PUB2 ?DATE2))
    (before
        (EndFn ?DATE1)
        (EndFn ?DATE2)))
Merge.kif 15632-15649
(=>
    (and
        (equal ?PROCESS-START
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?PROCESS)))
        (equal ?AGENT-END
            (EndFn
                (WhenFn ?AGENT)))
        (benefits ?PROCESS ?AGENT))
    (before ?PROCESS-START ?AGENT-END))
Mid-level-ontology.kif 20803-20808
(=>
    (and
        (equal ?PROCESS-START
            (BeginFn
                (WhenFn ?PROCESS)))
        (equal ?AGENT-END
            (EndFn
                (WhenFn ?AGENT)))
        (suffers ?PROCESS ?AGENT))
    (before ?PROCESS-START ?AGENT-END))
Mid-level-ontology.kif 27764-27773
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?D1
            (DayFn ?N1
                (MonthFn ?M
                    (YearFn ?Y))))
        (instance ?D2
            (DayFn ?N2
                (MonthFn ?M
                    (YearFn ?Y))))
        (equal ?T1
            (BeginFn ?D1))
        (equal ?T2
            (BeginFn ?D2))
        (greaterThan ?N2 ?N1))
    (before ?T1 ?T2))
Merge.kif 8859-8866
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?Loan InterestOnlyLoan)
        (agreementPeriod ?Loan ?Period)
        (principalAmount ?Loan ?Principal)
        (interestEarned ?Loan ?Interest ?Period))
    (and
        (amountDue ?Loan ?Principal
            (EndFn ?Period))
        (amountDue ?Loan ?Interest ?Date)
        (before
            (EndFn ?Date)
            (EndFn ?Period))))
FinancialOntology.kif 1559-1568
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?M1
            (MonthFn ?N1
                (YearFn ?Y)))
        (instance ?M2
            (MonthFn ?N2
                (YearFn ?Y)))
        (equal ?T1
            (BeginFn ?M1))
        (equal ?T2
            (BeginFn ?M2))
        (successorClass ?N1 ?N2))
    (before ?T1 ?T2))
Merge.kif 8843-8850
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?POINT TimePoint)
        (not
            (equal ?POINT NegativeInfinity)))
    (before NegativeInfinity ?POINT))
Merge.kif 8097-8101
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?POINT TimePoint)
        (not
            (equal ?POINT PositiveInfinity)))
    (before ?POINT PositiveInfinity))
Merge.kif 8078-8082
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?REMEMBER Remembering)
        (patient ?REMEMBER ?FORMULA))
    (exists (?TIME)
        (and
            (holdsDuring ?TIME ?FORMULA)
            (or
                (before ?TIME
                    (WhenFn ?REMEMBER))
                (earlier ?TIME
                    (WhenFn ?REMEMBER))))))
Merge.kif 12085-12094
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?SHOCK Aftershock)
        (eventLocated ?SHOCK ?PLACE))
    (exists (?TREMOR)
        (and
            (instance ?TREMOR EarthTremor)
            (eventLocated ?TREMOR ?PLACE)
            (before
                (WhenFn ?TREMOR)
                (WhenFn ?SHOCK)))))
Geography.kif 2261-2269
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?X Buffet)
        (member ?ITEM ?X)
        (located ?X ?LOC1)
        (instance ?E Eating)
        (agent ?E ?AGENT)
        (eventLocated ?E ?LOC2)
        (patient ?E ?ITEM))
    (and
        (not
            (equal ?LOC1 ?LOC2))
        (exists (?G)
            (and
                (instance ?G Getting)
                (patient ?G ?ITEM)
                (origin ?G ?LOC1)
                (agent ?G ?AGENT)
                (before
                    (WhenFn ?G)
                    (WhenFn ?E))))))
Dining.kif 277-294
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?X SurveillanceSystem)
        (member ?X ?VIDEO)
        (member ?X ?DISPLAY)
        (located ?VIDEO ?LOC1)
        (instance ?VIDEO Camera)
        (located ?DISPLAY ?LOC2)
        (not
            (equal ?LOC1 ?LOC2))
        (instance ?DISPLAY VideoDisplay))
    (hasPurpose ?X
        (exists (?PROC ?VID ?RL ?CAPTURE)
            (and
                (instance ?PROC Process)
                (eventLocated ?PROC ?LOC1)
                (represents ?VID ?PROC)
                (instrument ?CAPTURE Camera)
                (result ?CAPTURE ?VID)
                (instance ?RL RadiatingLight)
                (instrument ?RL ?DISPLAY)
                (patient ?RL ?VID)
                (before
                    (BeginFn ?PROC)
                    (BeginFn ?CAPTURE))
                (before
                    (BeginFn ?CAPTURE)
                    (BeginFn ?RL))))))
Mid-level-ontology.kif 25169-25195
(=>
    (and
        (instance ?Y1
            (YearFn ?N1))
        (instance ?Y2
            (YearFn ?N2))
        (equal ?T1
            (BeginFn ?Y1))
        (equal ?T2
            (BeginFn ?Y2))
        (greaterThan ?N2 ?N1))
    (before ?T1 ?T2))
Merge.kif 8827-8834
(=>
    (and
        (property ?Option AmericanStyleOption)
        (optionHolder ?Option ?Agent)
        (agreementExpirationDate ?Option ?Day))
    (holdsRight
        (exists (?Exercise)
            (and
                (instance ?Exercise ExerciseAnOption)
                (patient ?Exercise ?Option)
                (before
                    (EndFn
                        (WhenFn ?Exercise))
                    (EndFn ?Day)))) ?Agent))
FinancialOntology.kif 2708-2720
(=>
    (and
        (subclass ?TEXT Periodical)
        (equal
            (SeriesVolumeFn ?TEXT ?INT1) ?VOLUME1)
        (equal
            (SeriesVolumeFn ?TEXT ?INT2) ?VOLUME2)
        (greaterThan ?INT2 ?INT1)
        (instance ?PUB1 Publication)
        (instance ?PUB2 Publication)
        (instance ?CBO1 ?VOLUME1)
        (instance ?CBO2 ?VOLUME2)
        (patient ?PUB1 ?CBO1)
        (patient ?PUB2 ?CBO2)
        (date ?PUB1 ?DATE1)
        (date ?PUB2 ?DATE2))
    (before
        (EndFn ?DATE1)
        (EndFn ?DATE2)))
Mid-level-ontology.kif 12368-12382
(=>
    (beforeOrEqual ?POINT1 ?POINT2)
    (or
        (before ?POINT1 ?POINT2)
        (equal ?POINT1 ?POINT2)))
Merge.kif 8339-8343

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